One of the problems that specially interests me is the relationship between theology and ethics or moral philosophy. The question of how, if at all, God can be source for moral obligation is one of the key aspects of this question. According to many people today the dilemma Plato presents Euthyphro in the dialogue of that name presents a fatal problem for ‘divine command’ theories of ethics. Norm Kretzmann’s fabulous essay, Abraham, Isaac and Euthyphro is one my favorite responses to that line of thought. However, I also found the following text by Richard Swinburne very intriguing. (I’ll simply post a longish quote from his 1994 book The Christian God, pp.136-137)
In his Contra Eutychen, Boethius poses an interesting problem: if Adam would not have died if he had not sinned because death is the punishment of sin, how is it that Christ, being sinless and having a human body derived from Adam dies?